Urban Gardening agriculture is close to cities or even traditional farming causes a lot of differences, which translates into advantages and disadvantages with a big difference between social groups and initiatives. It seems that according to UAE development needs to combine social and technological innovations to be viable between the three dimensions of stability (social, economic and environmental) and to overcome barriers related to the urban environment. As a result, urban agriculture has to combine existing knowledge and advances in the traditional agricultural sector with new skills, techniques, tools and strategies to bring the diverse range of ecological and social environments into four major categories. Specific targeting of urban agricultural practices according to food security requirements is significantly essential to keep moving for overall wellbeing and welfare of people across the globe.
(A) Supply services: services that determine the production of matter or energy from the ecosystem, including food, raw materials, water and medicinal plants.
(B) Regulatory Services: Services that provide ecosystems that act as regulators (e.g., air and soil quality management, greenhouse gas storage, or flood and disease control).
(C) Housing services: services that provide an ecosystem by nurturing genetic biodiversity and providing habitat for species.
(D) Cultural Services: Services that represent an incomprehensible flow of benefits to humans from the ecosystem, including recreation, mental and physical health, tourism, spiritual experiences, and leisure or social inclusion.
The Concept of Achieving Nutrition Security by Urban Gardening and Urban Agriculture Practices
Among the delivery services provided by the United Arab Emirates, the highest recognition comes from food production and supply. Indeed, while estimates of food security for the UAE and autonomy are available for a number of cities in developing countries, few studies have solved this amount of food. Urban production is in cities with multiple economies, where the UAE’s focus is primarily on environmental and social activities. However, the food production potential of the UAE in the north of the world has increased interest in responding to economic crises or food deserts about the health status of the poorest people.
Population group as a tool to reduce impacts of changing climate, global warming, and environmental pollution. The emergence of new farmers in response to the increasing poverty of urban farmers has also led to new forms in the United Arab Emirates, where innovation takes place in both business and land use patterns, for example located in Detroit, Michigan (USA), Berlin (Germany) and Yokohama (Japan). Consequently, cities in North America, Europe, Asia and Oceania underwent numerous studies over the decades that confirmed the scale of potential food production in the UAE, although it was often underestimated. In fact, scenarios are generated instead of statistics.
Health Benefits of Urban Agricultural Practices
Horticulture is a discipline with a very therapeutic nature, and its role in human well-being is described by Diane Ralph in her book Human Issues in Horticulture, which reviews “Other Aspects of Horticulture”. Taken, explained. Since then, horticultural therapies have been rapidly studied and discussed, and definitions and procedures have been developed that use horticulture in the treatment process of physical and / or mental rehabilitation. A distinction has been made between gardening therapy and corrective gardening. Horticultural therapy is defined as a process through which plants, horticultural activities, and simple contact with nature are used as tools in the therapist’s treatment and rehabilitation programs.
It is an active process in which horticulture is used as a support for other rehabilitation interventions. Instead, therapeutic horticulture is defined as a process that uses plants and their relationships to create or improve the physical, psychological, and social well-being of people. This is a process in which the plant plays a central role but does not follow specific treatment goals. Horticulture therapy in general relies on a positive psychological and physical process that develops through all the feelings and emotions that arise from contact with nature, particularly in these contexts (for example, a walk in a garden, the presence of a botanical garden (and a view) of plants and flowers) in which there is no A commitment to work on the relationship between man and nature.
Although scientific evidence on the positive effects of horticulture on blood pressure, body temperature, brain activity, immune system response, and psychological well-being is only recent. The warning about the beneficial effects of horticulture on human health is very old. 2,000 years ago, the Chinese Taoists built gardens on the idea that the environment has beneficial effects on health. In Europe, horticultural therapy activities actually proved beneficial in 17th century Spanish psychiatric hospitals, while in the United States Benjamin Rush used horticulture and horticulture methods as a treatment for anxiety or phobic disorders. It is generally against depression and the beneficial effects of urban agricultural has also been proved by scientific research and experiments.
Nowadays, horticultural therapy programs throughout the world are a widely accepted practice for treating disorders. Moreover, they are united in the goals and fields of activity of many associations, such as the American Horticultural Society, founded in 1978, and developed in England in 1978 Horticulture in Canada in 1987 (www.chta.ca), the Japanese Society for Horticultural Therapy was founded in 1996, and the German Society for Horticulture and Therapy was founded in 2001, the Swiss Association for Therapy, and Horticultural Australia.
Improved Justice and Social Inclusion Values
Within the UAE Sustainability Dialogue, social inclusion and justice are generally linked to global access measures. In fact, some initiatives began in response to civic policies, neighbourhood backwardness, or economic crises. Accordingly, the creation of community networks for the regeneration of unused urban spaces and the management and access to food production resources is seen as opposed to the capitalist framework for traditional food production. Gardens can be a place where ‘collective activity’ thrives, where citizens can form a community and empower themselves to resolve disputes and claim rights. These features support UAE cooperation, including social inclusion and empowerment, including social inclusion and empowerment.
Despite the potential social benefits, the impact of the community depends primarily on the priority classification, as already mentioned in roof farming. Note that socially advanced global outreach activities have contributed to greater diversity in social benefits than those with technologically advanced ones. Lower-level initiatives (e.g., community gardening and squat gardening) generally focus on promoting social inclusion and justice, such as improving access to food for low-income citizens, and thus socially Creating places on In contrast, under commercial measures, economic profits stand as a major driver, while certain social aspects are generally marginalized.
However, global access to services can also have negative social effects. Some basic initiatives claiming social inclusion and justice have become places of injustice and exclusion, where the elite can replace culturally diverse, low-income citizens. Access to universal access programs can be balanced, highlighting social exclusion and injustice rather than bridging the gap between citizens of different economic and cultural backgrounds in society. On the other hand, when local governments implement globally access experiences to access services in a purely top-down process without the participation of citizens, ineffective and failed projects can emerge, with a negative impact on society.
Ecological Aspects of Urban Agriculture
The United Arab Emirates has strong ties with some of the regular and residential social services. Agro-genetic diversity was closely related to food security in a survey of UAE projects in 10 European countries and it was observed that about half of the cases considered reinforced Preserving biodiversity by growing more than 30 types and varieties of crops. Instead, only limited biological diversity is observed in dependent aquacultures, including vine growers or greenhouses. The UAE has also boosted biodiversity internally: multiple plant species have been recorded in 267 private gardens in London and 440 different species in one 400 m² allotment park in Stockholm. Species are found. ).
Small and large diverse urban crop systems also increase the complexity of urban vegetation and can have a positive impact on animal biodiversity, providing a suitable habitat for microorganisms, Invertebrates, birds, and mammals. UA systems could have related effects on arthropod-mediated ES delivery, such as natural pest control and pollen. Allotment gardens often show an abundance of flowering plants, which have long supported urban councils: at least a quarter of all Vienna bee species have communal gardens and 54 species host (13%) some bee animals have been identified. On her in the state of New York registered in New York City. Availability of floral resources and the structural diversity of plants in urban agricultural systems have been demonstrated to maintain and enhance the presence of important natural agents for pest control.
In addition to housing quality, connection to housing is an important factor. Some studies indicate that proximity to natural habitats may increase the number of bees in different types of crops and increase pollen success. Exploitation of a network of ecological agricultural pathways, small natural habitats and cultivated spots in urban areas can affect the ability of beneficial insects (both insecticides and natural enemies of insects) to survive in an urban landscape. On the other hand, potential concessions could come from the UAE and should be taken into consideration. The deeper UAE, which may be characterized by pesticide application, thorough pruning and frequent pruning, may have a negative impact on biodiversity and environmental services. Moreover, not all biological diversity is necessarily “desirable”: some pests and pathogens have multiple complications and can benefit from plant diversity, the presence of stagnant water for irrigation, and this may lead to the infestation of potentially dangerous mosquitoes.
Environmental and Economic Sustainability Due to Urban Agriculture
In recent years, research studies to assess the environmental impact of measures for global access to services have progressed, with the launch of a number of reference studies, particularly on Mediterranean Europe, including Spain. Focusing, also associated European funding and national funding. Thanks to this topic often acupuncture, mushroom cultivation in the UAE impact review literature, And refers to modern solutions and technologies, including rooftop fields and greenhouses.
Industry and Vertical Farms, Indoor and Vertical Farms the potential of resources including energy, organic waste, or water have greatest potential to reduce the problem of malnutrition and food insecure conditions. However, applied studies also exist on traditional systems, such as urban gardens in Italy, the United States, and Canada, or semi-urban commercial farms in the Netherlands.