The benefits of using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are exacerbated by the increasing use of the Internet of Things (IoT) and healthcare agriculture, also known as smart agriculture. Drones, robots, smart energy meters, smart security devices, smart data for seed characteristics, and soil conditions remediation, and other new systems offer unparalleled facilities and improvements in handling agricultural farming standards. Various IoT devices for farming are also available and their use must be promoted among the farming communities for improved sustainability.
IoT and Agriculture for Improved Control
New joint integrated systems for better monitoring, control, and automation will fundamentally change the infrastructure and services available on new farms. This means that the agriculture sector will rely more on information systems to maintain operations, competitiveness, and profitability.
Despite the huge benefits of using technology, it also carries genetic risks, and the sector finds itself as targeted as ever, allowing its intellectual property to be handed over to foreign competitors and Hackathons. Most food and agriculture companies are still not investing in cyber security, but the potential for cyber terrorism is a concern for the sector. Thus IoT based agriculture systems are essentially helpful to improve food security on a sustainable basis.
Integration of IoT and Agriculture to Protect Food Supply chains
A complex terrorist attack could destroy any food and agricultural company as a reliable food supplier and damage local trust in all food supply chains. It is clear that the increasing digitization of the sector creates new opportunities for terrorists, allowing them to attack places that were previously too far away or difficult to attack. Cyber terrorism is a relatively low-cost, high-paying project that has become too big to ignore the dangers of terrorism.
This means that any highly integrated cyber-attack on agricultural companies will have profound human and financial consequences. Thus, it is important to create awareness of the importance of cyber security in the field of smart agriculture and the security challenges posed by the widespread use of technology in the field of agriculture. Smart farming IoT solutions are a great choice for researchers and farmers and agricultural organizations must promote their use to achieve food security in real terms.
Smart Agriculture and IoT
Smart agriculture is based on smart grids based on Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). CPS can monitor, coordinate, control, and integrate its functions through computer and communication systems, allowing it to interact with the physical world using a set of network agents.
Cyber digital twin, digital twin cyber physical system, cyber physical system industry 4.0, CPS cyber physical system, CPS IoT, and IoT cyber physical system have great potential to combat food fraud and to improve food security and food quality on sustainable basis.
These network agents include sensors, actuators, control processing units, and communication devices. IoT for farmers can bring revolution in real terms and can improve the probability of quality food production by multiple times. Although farm IoT sensors are being used by researchers and progressive farmers but their use must be promoted among the small farmers and laggard landholders.
IoT to Reduce Cyber Terrorist Attacks
Nowadays, the possibilities of cybercrime are increasing day by day. New forms of cyber-terrorist attacks are being recorded, and the use of ICTs and IoT in agriculture is increasing the vulnerability of the sector. Therefore, the agricultural sector has become more vulnerable to cyber-attacks against its infrastructure and production facilities.
Smart Agriculture Devices
The use of smart agriculture devices can improve the farming potential and food production in multiple ways such as:
- Collection of tons of data by using smart sensors and smart agriculture devices
- Attaining better control over lower production risks and internal factors and processes
- Waste management and cost reduction
- Improved business efficiencies by using automation processes
- Improved agricultural quality and quantity of produce
- Monitoring of weather and prevailing climatic conditions
- Automation of greenhouses and indoor growing conditions
- Crop management and controlling all management related factors
- Cattle management and monitoring
- Precision agriculture and precision farming practices
- Use of agricultural drones for smart farming
- Predictive analysis for smart farming and smart agriculture
- End to end management of farming systems
- Soil analysis and fertilizer management
- Disease modeling and disease control
- Insect monitoring
- Reduced footprints of environment
- Remote monitoring
- Equipment monitoring
- Increased production quality
- Accurate field and farm analysis
- Reduced production costs
- Improved water conservation
- Real-time production assessment and data insights
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Multidisciplinary Approaches for IoT and Agriculture
Combating this requires a multidisciplinary effort that includes defining policies, hardware, and software through the public — all with the goal of preventing cybercrime in the first place, or if so, having minimal impact. This is the practice of cyber security. Farmers and their employers must realize that as technology advances and you become more involved in your work and lives, the opportunities for abuse increase.
For example, an Internet of Things system that controls crop production can be attacked by a Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) and becomes harmful to humans by changing the basic principles of GMOs. As such, it can be important to be aware and prepared for the major security threats that smart farming may face. The concept of smart farm monitoring system must be promoted by agricultural experts, extension workers, students, community leaders, and progressive farmers to achieve food security and sustainability.
Identification of Security Risks for Agriculture
Therefore, it is important to know the main security risks that smart agriculture needs to address, focus on the various stakeholders and try to mitigate their impact. The Internet Security Alliance, the European Cyber Security Organization (ECSO), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
National institute of standards and technology, NIST standards, national institute standards technology, is offering good standards management and technological measures to assure cyber security and digital protection. These standards can be used and implemented in agriculture sector to achieve food security.
Security and privacy issues for Agriculture
The data collection process in IoT is more passive and more extensive, which has been shown to be challenging to ensure privacy, leaving users unaware of when and where they are being tracked. Location data security used in all GPS systems can be a major concern. The use of GPS systems increases access to original and location data, allowing attackers to know which fields and specific crops can be attacked.
Sensitivity of Agriculture Data
Therefore, agricultural data has become more sensitive, and data privacy has become more important. The development of the Internet of Things poses new challenges in a world where farmers and peasants are increasingly relying on connected tools and services to increase their productivity and the quality of their products. Explosions of the Internet of Things will increase privacy issues.
For this reason, the disclosure of individuals’ personal information for a cyber-attack is a potentially serious threat that should be considered seriously and carefully. Consideration of these factors in the agriculture sector can help to combat food fraud in the food supply chain and agriculture sector. Similar Physiology of Nutrients Accumulation and Factors Affecting
High-security systems can be hacked through social engineering, also known as human hacking. No amount of technical information on any system can be seriously compromised as a user can innocently click on an email link, or use the IT department of an IoT supplier as an excuse.
Taxes can be persuaded to give up login details over the phone. It is important to note that cyber security is not just about technical cyber defense: people should also consider it when dealing with this problem. Each user needs to understand what a cyber threat is and how to identify it – a factor that falls under the umbrella of digital literacy. Digital literacy in agriculture is still very low, and more awareness is needed every day.
Ransomware for Agriculture
Ransomware has become a major threat to any company or individual around the world. With the increasing use of ICT and IoT in agriculture, it has also become a threat to recognition. Attackers can use any type of ransomware to encrypt farm and farmer data, making it unreadable unless a ransom is paid.
Data on the use of GMOs and pesticides can also be destroyed by ransomware systems. To deal with such issues, a robust data backup and restoration plan must be implemented. Backups should be kept in a separate and secure location so that attackers do not have easy access to them from local networks.
Denial of Service (DoS), IoT and Agriculture
Smart agriculture relies on the interconnection between IoT devices and their IoT services. The interconnection has become more efficient, the interconnection is more comprehensive, efficient, and economical, and the quality of service in the Internet of Things is more reliable.
IoT’s Nodes and Groups
Since IoT has a large number of nodes and groups, this can lead to Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. The purpose of DOS is to deactivate the system. This can be achieved through a device that transmits signals used for malicious purposes and can infect or block working IoT devices.
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Possibilities of DOS Attacks
There are many possibilities for DOS attacks, including the possibility of keeping the information in a Faraday cage. As a result of using the Internet of Things to improve agriculture and agriculture, cloud computing also plays an important role in the concept of smart farming, allowing attackers to use and discover vulnerabilities in the system using DOS. This loss could be very costly for any new high-tech farm.
Manifestation of Physical Damage
These attacks can manifest physical damage (servers and sensors need to be replaced and reprogrammed, networks need to be reconfigured, systems need to be replaced and restarted) but also operational and financial. Disadvantages (disruption of service, new training for farm operators, introduction of new metering infrastructure). DOS attacks are often unpredictable and difficult to control, and the best defense is to prevent such attacks. Also Like: Role of Zn for Life and Zn